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Newark & Sherwood Plan Review - Publication Amended Core Strategy

Rural Areas

4.24     PPS7 Sustainable Development in Rural Areas and PPS4 Planning for Sustainable Economic Growth National planning policy steers the greater part of development in rural areas towards the larger and the more sustainable settlements and locations which will help deliver the central elements of our spatial strategy. The Council must however plan for the District as a whole, helping to sustain the communities across Newark and Sherwood. In developing policies for the District, the Council was particularly concerned to include policies which deal with rural issues. The policy will guide development and investment in Rural Areas.

Spatial Policy 3

Rural Areas

The District Council will support and promote local services and facilities in the rural communities of Newark & Sherwood. Local housing need will be addressed by focusing housing in sustainable, accessible villages. The rural economy will be supported by encouraging tourism, rural diversification, and by supporting appropriate agricultural and forestry development. The countryside will be protected and schemes to enhance heritage assets, to increase biodiversity, enhance the landscape and, in the right locations, increase woodland cover will be encouraged.

Beyond Principal Villages, proposals for new development will be considered against the following criteria:

  • Location - new development should be within the main built-up areas of villages, which have local services and sustainable access to Newark Urban Area, Service Centres or Principal Villages and have a range of local services themselves which address day to day needs. Local services include but are not limited to Post Office/shops, schools, public houses and village halls; 
  • Scale - new development should be appropriate to the proposed location and small scale in nature;
  • Need - Employment and tourism which requires a rural/village location are sustainable and meet the requirements of the relevant Core Policies. New or replacement facilities to support the local community. Development which supports local agriculture and farm diversification. New housing where it helps to meet identified proven local need support community facilities and local services and reflects local need in terms of both tenure and house types;
  • Impact - new development should not generate excessive car-borne traffic from out of the area. New development should not have a detrimental impact on the amenity of local people nor have an undue impact on local infrastructure, including drainage, sewerage systems and the transport network; and
  • Character - new development should not have a detrimental impact on the character of the location or its landscape setting.

Within the main built-up area of villages consideration will also be given to schemes which secure environmental enhancements by the re-use or redevelopment of former farmyards/farm buildings or the removal of businesses where the operation gives rise to amenity issues. The scale of such enabling development should be appropriate to the location of the proposal.

Within the main built up area of settlements which do not meet the locational criterion of this policy but are well related to villages that do, consideration will be given to the infilling of small gaps with 1 or 2 dwellings so long as this does not result in the joining of outlying areas into the main built up areas of the village in question, or the coalescence with another village. Such development will need to comply with the scale, need, impact and character criteria of this policy.

Development away from the main built-up areas of villages, in the open countryside, will be strictly controlled and restricted to uses which require a rural setting. such as Agriculture and Forestry pPolicies to deal with such applications are set out in the Allocations & Development Management DPD. Consideration will also be given to the re-use of rural buildings of architectural merit. The Allocations & Development Management DPD will set out policies to deal with such applications.

4.25     Spatial Policy 3 refers to the main built-up area of a village. For the purposes of implementation and decision making this would normally refer to the buildings and land which form the core of the village where most housing and community facilities are focused. Often villages have outlying development which, whilst part of the village, does not form part of the 'main built-up area'; proposed new development which results in the joining of such areas to the main built-up area should be resisted. It is not proposed to identify the main built-up areas of villages in our Core Strategy or Allocations & Development Management DPD. However, the District Council will work with local communities to identify the characteristics of their village which they feel should be protected. Such work will be contained within Neighbourhood Plans and Village Design Statements (VDS) or Parish Plans. This work could include the identification of the main built-up areas of the village. Neighbourhood Plans when ‘made’ become part of the development plan and providing the requirements for Supplementary Planning Documents are followed, a VDS or the Planning element of the Parish Plan could be adopted as a Supplementary Planning Document by the District Council and be a material consideration in the determining of Planning Applications.

4.26     The Council considers that in locations with local facilities and services, additional development can support their continued existence. Limited development within the setting of this policy requires applicants to demonstrate the services it will support and the housing need within the area. As with all planning policy, Spatial Policy 3 is intended to serve the public interest rather than that of individuals and consequently the requirement to reflect local need in relation to new dwellings to which its refers must be that of the community rather than the applicant. It is accepted that the two may align where, for example, a lack of a particular type of housing in a community also reflects the needs of an applicant. The Policy is not intended to cater for individuals desire to live in particular locations or in particular types of accommodation, beyond those exceptions identified in national and local planning policy. The Council has conducted a detailed assessment of the types of housing needed within different parts of the district and applicants should refer to this for guidance. Neighbourhood Plans may also set out more detailed policies on local housing requirements.

4.27     A number of policies within the Plan set more detailed criteria for the consideration of proposals in Rural Areas including (but not limited too), Spatial Policy 8 Protecting and Promoting Leisure and Community Facilities, Core Policy 2 Rural Affordable Housing, Core Policy 6 Shaping our Employment Profile, Core Policy 7 Tourism Development, Policy DM5 Design, Policy DM8 Development in the Open Countryside