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Newark & Sherwood Plan Review - Publication Amended Core Strategy

Settlement Hierarchy

4.6    Using these themes, the District Council has identified the settlements which will help deliver sustainable development in the District. These are identified in the settlement hierarchy which is the organising basis for development and service provision within the District. The hierarchy allows the Council to plan positively for future development within the District. It defines which settlements are central to the delivery of the Council’s Spatial Strategy.

4.7       Following a review of settlements and service provision in the District, the following key conclusions have emerged:

  1. Services, such as employment and secondary education, are focused in settlements which serve a rural hinterland and/or a large local population
  2. There are a number of villages which have a range of services which attract people from the local area, such as libraries and doctor’s surgeries.
  3. Beyond these villages are a range of villages which have a limited range of services, some of which have a primary school and other shops and facilities.
  4. A large number of villages have no facilities beyond a public house or a village hall but are well related to settlements which have a wider range of facilities.
  5. Public transport is focused on key routes between Newark, Mansfield, Nottingham, Southwell and Ollerton & Boughton.

4.8       These conclusions have resulted in the identification of three complementary settlement roles which will be central to the delivery of the District's Spatial Strategy; these are:

  • Sub-Regional Centre
  • Service Centre
  • Principal Village

4.9       Newark Urban Area (Newark, Balderton and Fernwood) is identified as a Sub-Regional Centre; it is the largest population centre in the District and is the main location for services, jobs, retail, education and a focus for transport for most of the District. It is identified as such in the Regional Plan and, in granting Growth Point Status to the District, the government recognised Newark’s importance.[1]  

4.10     Below Newark Urban Area, a number of settlements provide important services both to their own communities and to a wider hinterland; they are Service Centres. The largest of these, Ollerton & Boughton, is recognised as an “other urban area” in the Regional Plan and provides a range of facilities including a supermarket and secondary school, both of which serve much of the Sherwood Area. Ollerton & Boughton also has a large number of local employers. Rainworth is also recognised as an “other urban area” in the Regional Plan and has a range of shops, a secondary school which serves a part of Sherwood Area and the southern part of the Mansfield Fringe. Rainworth is also adjacent to Mansfield Sub-Regional Centre with its jobs and facilities. Southwell is the third biggest settlement in the District and, like Ollerton & Boughton, serves a large local area with the second largest retail centre in the District, a leisure centre and a secondary school which provides education to much of the Southwell Area. Although Southwell is not mentioned in the Regional Plan, it has a serious local housing need which is perpetuated by high local house prices.

4.11     Rainworth is also recognised as an “other urban area” in the Regional Plan and has a range of shops, a secondary school which serves a part of Sherwood Area and the southern part of the Mansfield Fringe. Rainworth is also adjacent to Mansfield Sub-Regional Centre with its jobs and facilities. Clipstone has a range of local services including shops and a secondary school, which lies just outside the District, which serve the community and a wider area. It has a major regeneration site, Clipstone Colliery, in the centre of it. Edwinstowe has a range of local services which are complemented by a number of Sherwood Forest related tourist facilities. It has a regeneration site, Thoresby Colliery at its edge. Both Clipstone and Edwinstowe would benefit from regeneration arising from new development, while in Southwell, a more balanced and sustainable community would result from the provision of new housing to address local housing needs. This would focus on the provision of affordable housing, and modest sized market homes that can offer the prospect of lower cost accommodation.

4.X       The District Council has identified that whilst Southwell and Clipstone are not mentioned in the Regional Plan as ‘Other Urban Areas’ they are both important centres within the District which require an approach in line with Ollerton & Boughton and Rainworth rather than the subsequent levels in the hierarchy. Placement in the hierarchy does not determine overall levels of growth but it does indicate the importance of the settlement to the delivery of our Spatial Strategy and the most appropriate locations for investment and new services.

4.12     The District Council also has a range of communities which have a range of local services which meet day to day local needs and complement the role of the Service Centres. These are defined as Principal Villages.

4.13     A range of other communities exist below the three identified settlement categories. They are referred to in the hierarchy as Other Villages in Newark & Sherwood. In some instances these villages have a limited range of services or they may be small hamlets. Spatial Policy 3 Rural Areas set out a number of sustainability criteria for the consideration of development in these communities. Spatial Policy 4B sets out policies for appropriate growth for those communities in the Green Belt.

[1]           The Regional Plan was developed before Fernwood was recognised as a separate Parish. Until this happened in April 2008 the main built up area of Fernwood was part of Balderton and as such is included in the Newark Urban Boundary. For the avoidance of doubt whilst the Regional Plan refers to Newark including Balderton, this also includes Fernwood.

Spatial Policy 1

Settlement Hierarchy

The Settlement Hierarchy for Newark and Sherwood identifies which settlements are central to the delivery of Newark and Sherwood's Spatial Strategy and identifies the role of these settlements in delivering that Strategy. The Hierarchy is defined below:

Settlements central to delivering the Spatial Strategy

Sub-Regional Centre

Features - Major centre in the Sub-Region, containing services and facilities for the District.

Function - To be the focus for housing and employment growth in Newark & Sherwood and the main location for investment for new services and facilities within the District.

The Sub-Regional Centre is defined as Newark Urban Area which is made up of Newark, Balderton and Fernwood.

The extent of the main built-up areas of the Sub-Regional Centre will be defined by an Urban Boundary.

Service Centres

Features - Service Centres have a range of local facilities, normally including a secondary school, good public transport and local employment.

Function - Act as a focus for service provision for a large local population and a rural hinterland.

The following communities have been designated as Service Centres within the various Areas of the District:

Southwell Area

Southwell

Sherwood Area

Ollerton & Boughton, Edwinstowe

Mansfield Fringe Area

Clipstone, Rainworth

 The extent of the main built-up areas of Service Centres will be defined by an Urban Boundary.

Principal Villages

Features - Principal Villages which have a good range of day to day facilities – primary school, food shop, health facilities, employment or access to nearby employment and complement the role of Service Centres.

Function - Act as secondary focus for service provision in each Area. Support for service provision in these locations to assist rural accessibility.

The following communities have been designated as Principal Villages within the various Areas of the District: 

Newark Area

Collingham, Sutton–on–Trent

Southwell Area

Farnsfield

Nottingham Fringe

Lowdham

Sherwood Area

Bilsthorpe, Edwinstowe

Mansfield Fringe

Blidworth

 The extent of the main built-up areas of the Principal Villages will be defined by Village Envelopes.

Other Villages in Newark & Sherwood

Within the Green Belt development will be considered against Spatial Policy 4B Green Belt Development.

Within the rest of the District development will be considered against the sustainability criteria set out in Spatial Policy 3 Rural Areas.

4.14     The Urban Boundaries of the Sub-Regional Centre and Service Centres and the Village Envelopes of the Principal Villages will be are defined on the Proposals Policies Map of the Newark & Sherwood Local Development Framework. This will be done as part of the Allocations & Development Management DPD.