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Newark & Sherwood Plan Review - Publication Amended Core Strategy

Climate Change

5.42     Climate change presents probably the biggest challenge to the delivery of sustainable development. However through supporting the move to a low-carbon economy and by securing low-carbon living, the climatic impact of new development can be reduced.

5.43     Key to meeting this challenge is support for renewable and low carbon energy developments, increasing the potential local opportunities for district heating systems and decentralised energy generation (energy generated from local renewable or low carbon sources) and support for community led renewable and low carbon energy developments.

5.46     In order to increase the proportion of energy generated from decentralised sources national planning policy allows for, where it is demonstrated to be viable, the setting of phased district-wide targets for the reduction of CO2 emissions. These targets are however intended as an interim measure which will be have been superseded by the implementation of the revisions to Part L of the Building Regulations in 2013.

5.47     To inform the development of such targets, the District Council has participated with the other Nottinghamshire Authorities in the production of a joint sustainable energy evidence base. Modelling undertaken as part of this evidence base indicates that the additional build costs resulting from the standards put forward, for both residential and non-residential development, can be absorbed into land value without placing undue burden on the developer. The targets incorporated within the Core Policy were subject to consultation as part of the production of the Nottinghamshire Study and further information is available on the District Council's website. The District Council will produce guidance to assist developers in implementing the renewable and low-carbon energy targets.

5.48     Where a developer does not consider it to be viable to meet the low-carbon percentage requirements then the onus will be on them to demonstrate this. The feasibility of supplying a proportion of renewable energy may depend on technical or financial issues, however what is considered feasible is likely to change over time. Developers will be expected to demonstrate that they have explored all potential on and off-site decentralised energy options and designed their schemes accordingly.

 5.49    In order to better understand and exploit the latent potential within the District for future decentralised and renewable energy schemes, the co-locating of potential heat suppliers and users and the use of district heating networks, the District Council will undertake an assessment of local opportunity. This assessment will informed the production of the Allocations & Development Management DPD.

5.44     The District Council has produced a Wind Energy Supplementary Planning Document (SPD) that explains the approach it will take to wind energy development within the District. The SPD shows how planning applications will be considered and provides detailed guidance on how wind energy schemes will be assessed. This SPD and supporting documents can be viewed at http://www.newark-sherwooddc.gov.uk/planning/localdevelopmentframeworkldf/windenergy/

5.45     The availability of Renewable Electricity and Heat Tariffs (payments made to energy users generating their own renewable or low carbon electricity and heat under the Grid Feed-in and Renewable Heat Incentives) is likely to provide further encouragement for more widespread adoption of decentralised energy and heat generation. Uptake of the incentives has the potential to make a critical contribution to the move to low carbon living, particularly within already existing development. To maximise the uptake of the incentives, the District Council will encourage and support the development of community-led schemes and the incorporation of the concept within the design of new development.

5.46     In terms of the potential impacts of climate change, the District is, due to there being a number of significant rivers within the area, particularly vulnerable to flood risk. In order to avoid locating inappropriate development in areas at risk of flooding, and to direct development away from areas at highest risk, national planning policy requires a sequential approach to flood risk. Thus the District Council has undertaken a Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA) to inform decisions over future site allocations and in the determination of planning applications. The SFRA was reviewed and updated in 2016 to provide the necessary evidence base to inform ‘Plan Review’ The District Council will expect developers, as part of proposals, to take the study into account.

Core Policy 10

Climate Change

The District Council is committed to tackling the causes and effectsimpacts of climate change and to delivering a reduction in the Districts overall CO2 emissions carbon footprint.The LDF, through its approach to development, will seek to: The District Council will work with partners and developers to:

Encourage the provision of renewable and low-carbon energy generation within new development. Proposals will be expected, where appropriate and viable, to secure a proportion of its energy requirements from decentralised sources and to attain the following targets:

  • Promote energy generation from renewable and low-carbon sources, including community-led schemes, through supporting new development where it is able to demonstrate that its adverse impacts have been satisfactorily addressed. Policy DM4 ‘Renewable and Low Carbon Energy Generation’ provides the framework against which the appropriateness of proposals will be assessed;

 

2010-2013

2013 onwards

% Low-carbon contribution for New Development

2.5% Reduction in CO2 emissions

District-wide targets unnecessary following implementation of the revisions to Part L of the Building Regulations

Benchmark CO2 emissions for setting a scheme’s target (kgCO2/m2/year)

31.2

N/A

Non-Residential Development:

 

2010 -2013

2013 onwards

% Low-Carbon contribution for New development

10% Reduction in CO2 emissions

District-wide targets unnecessary following implementation of the revisions to Part L of the Building Regulations

Benchmark CO2 emissions for setting a scheme’s target

Refer to 2005 BRE Benchmark data

N/A

  • Ensure that development proposals maximise, where appropriate and viable, the use of available local opportunities for district heating and decentralised energy;
  • Promote the development of community-led renewable and low-carbon energy and heat generation projects;
  • Mitigate the impacts of climate change through ensuring that new development proposals minimise their potential adverse environmental impacts during their construction and eventual operation, including the need to reduce the causes and impacts of climate change and flood risk. New proposals for development should therefore:
    • Ensure that the impacts on natural resources are minimised and the use of renewable  resources is maximised encouraged; and
    • Be efficient in the consumption of energy, water and other resources.
  • Be located in order to avoid both present and future flood risk. Therefore in considering site allocations and in determining development proposals the District Council will, informed by national guidance and the District’s Strategic Flood Risk Assessment, apply a sequential approach to future development; and will work with partners to secure strategic flood mitigation measures as part of new development.
  • The District Council will produce guidance to assist developers in implementing the renewable and low-carbon energy targets.

  • Steer new development away from those areas at highest risk of flooding, applying the sequential approach to its location detailed in Policy DM5 ‘Design’. Where appropriate the Authority will seek to secure strategic flood mitigation measures as part of new development;

  • Where appropriate having applied the Sequential Test move on to apply the Exceptions Test, in line with national guidance; and
  • Ensure that new development positively manages its surface water run-off through the design and layout of development to ensure that there is no unacceptable impact in run-off into surrounding areas or the existing drainage regime.