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Newark & Sherwood Plan Review - Publication Amended Core Strategy

Appendices

Appendix A Glossary

Glossary

Term

Affordable Housing Definitions

Description

Taking into consideration the details of the Housing White Paper (2017) in the Core Strategy the Council sets out the definition of affordable housing as housing that is provided for sale or rent to those whose needs are not met by the market (this can include housing that provides a subsidised route to home ownership).

Traditionally affordable housing is defined as social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market.  Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices.

Affordable housing should include provision to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households (in perpetuity) or for any subsidy/receipts to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision, or refunded to Government or the relevant authority specified in the funding agreement.

Affordable Housing Definitions by Products:

·      Social rented housing is owned by local authorities and private registered providers (as defined in section 80 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008), for which guideline target rents are determined through the national rent regime. It may also be owned by other persons and provided under equivalent rental arrangements to the above, as agreed with the local authority or with the Homes and Communities Agency.

·      Affordable rented housing is let by local authorities or private registered providers of social housing to households who are eligible for social rented housing. Affordable Rent is subject to rent controls that require a rent of no more than 80% of the local market rent (including service charges, where applicable).

·      Affordable home ownership (commonly termed Intermediate housing) is housing that meets the following criteria: housing that is provided for sale and rent at a cost above social rent, but below market levels. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices. These can include Shared Ownership, equity loans, other low cost homes for sale and intermediate rent (including Rent to Buy housing.) Further definition can be given for:

Affordable Housing Definitions (Continued)

§  Starter homes is housing as defined in Sections 2 and 3 of the Housing and Planning Act 2016 and any subsequent secondary legislation made under these sections. The definition of a starter home should reflect the meaning set out in statute at the time of plan-preparation or decision-taking. Local planning authorities should also include income restrictions which limit a person’s eligibility to purchase a starter home to those who have maximum household incomes of £80,000 a year or less (or £90,000 a year or less in Greater London).

§  Discounted market sales housing is housing that is sold at a discount of at least 20 per cent below local market value. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices. It should include provisions to remain at a discount for future eligible households.

Homes that do not meet the above definition of affordable housing, such as “low cost market” housing, may not be considered as affordable housing for planning purposes.

Allocations & Development Management DPD

A Newark & Sherwood District planning policy document that forms part of the Local Plan/LDF and was adopted on 16th July 2013. This document sets out allocations of land for new housing, employment and other development in the District’s main settlements. It also contains development management policies that are used in the consideration of planning applications.

Annual Monitoring Report (AMR)

A report that monitors the effectiveness of the policies within the Local Development Framework, and progress towards the delivery of its objectives. It also sets out details of the amount of residential, employment and other development within the District.

Brownfield

Land that is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developed land and any associated fixed surface infrastructure. Brownfield land is also sometimes referred to as 'Previously Developed Land'

Community

 (or Public Engagement )

This is defined by the Royal Town Planning Institute as ‘actions and processes taken or undertaken to establish effective relationships with individuals or groups so that more specific interactions can then take place’. (Compare with Community (or Public) involvement).

Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)

CIL is a levy that the Council charges on new developments in the District. The levy is collected by the District Council to fund specific highway projects and secondary education provision as detailed in the CIL Regulation 123 List.

Community Right to Build Orders

Under neighbourhood planning legislation, a Community Right to Build Order can be used to grant planning permission for development schemes (see ‘Neighbourhood planning).

Core Strategy DPD

A Newark & Sherwood District planning policy document that forms part of the Local Plan/LDF and was adopted on **/**/***.   This document sets out the spatial policy framework for delivering the development and change needed to realise the District Council’s vision for the District up to 2033.

Development Plan Document (DPD)

A document setting out the plan for the development of the local area, drawn up by the District Council in consultation with the community and subject to independent examination. Both the Allocations & Development Management DPD and the Core Strategy DPD are examples

Duty to Cooperate

The Localism Act and the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) places a duty on local planning authorities and other bodies to cooperate with each other to address strategic issues relevant to their areas. The duty requires ongoing constructive and active engagement on the preparation of development plan documents and other activities relating to the sustainable development and use of land, in particular in connection with strategic infrastructure.  

Evidence Base

The information and data gathered by a Council to justify the ‘soundness’ of a Local Development Document, including information on the physical, economic, and social characteristics of the area.

Examination

Once any Development Plan Document has been consulted upon, the Local Planning Authority must submit it to the Government to test that the document is sound. An Inspector leads the examination and carries out the test, hearing the various arguments surrounding the plan. These will either take place in a discussion format or in a formal hearing session.

Five Year Land Supply

Local Planning Authorities must ensure that there is a continuous 5 year supply of deliverable sites available for housing at any point in time. This supply of sites must be monitored on an annual basis, usually through the Annual Monitoring Report (AMR).

Greenfield

Land not previously used for built development

Green Belt Villages

Refers to those settlements located within the Nottinghamshire-Derby Green Belt. Such locations are split between those defined by a settlement boundary inset into the Green Belt and those ‘washed over’ by the designation with no boundary defined.

Green Infrastructure

Green infrastructure is a network of multi-functional green space, both new and existing, both rural and urban, which supports the natural and ecological processes and is integral to the health and quality of life of sustainable communities.

Housing Market Area

Defines a geographical area within which most people in the local community look for their housing. Influenced by where most people live and work, visit family and friends, and go to school, college and other facilities.

Housing Trajectory

The Housing Trajectory illustrates in graphic or chart form the expected rates of housing delivery for the Plan period. The Trajectory is updated on a regular basis to reflect actual performance and revise projections needed to achieve the housing requirement.

Infrastructure

The basic facilities which connect and service development and which are necessary for development to happen. It may also include the ‘social infrastructure’ that is necessary to service development and provide sustainable communities and possibly non-physical support services such as local advice and training. Such provision is often dealt with in Planning Obligations.

Infrastructure Delivery Plan

The Infrastructure Delivery Plan identifies what additional infrastructure is required to support the development set out in the Local Development Framework, and in particular the Core Strategy. Also set out is when and where they will be needed, approximate costs for provision and the organisations involved.

Inspector’s Report

A report written by a Planning Inspector about the planning issues debated at the independent examination of a Development Plan Document or considered through an exchange of written representations, the findings of which are binding.

Integrated Impact Assessment and Habitat Regulations Assessment (IIA and HRA)

The Integrated Impact Assessment (IIA) is one of the requirements of the Plan Review and in particular the Core Strategy. The IIA integrates Sustainability Appraisal (SA), Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), Equalities Impact Assessment (EqIA) and Health Impact Assessment (HIA). Sustainability Appraisals (SA) are a requirement of the Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 and Strategic Environmental Assessments (SEA) are required by European Directive EC/2001/42, which was transposed into UK law by the Environmental Assessment Regulations for Plans and Programmes (July 2004). The EqIA is a way of demonstrating the District Council is fulfilling the requirements of the Public Sector Equality Duty contained in section 149 of the Equality Act 2010. HIA is a recognised process for considering the health impacts of plans and undertaking this type of assessment is widely seen as best practice.

Key Diagram

Illustrates the spatial element of policies of the Spatial Strategy.

Local Development Document (LDD)

Forms part of the Local Development Framework and includes Development Plan Documents (DPD), Supplementary Planning Documents (SPD) and the Statement of Community Involvement (SCI).

Local Development Framework (LDF)

This is a set of documents that contain the policies that will shape how the District develops. These documents include the Core Strategy DPD, the Allocations and Development Management DPD, the Policies Map and a number of Supplementary Planning Documents.

Local Development Scheme (LDS)

Sets out the Program for the preparation of the Local Development Documents (LDDs).

Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP)

LEP’s are locally owned partnerships between local authorities and businesses. They play a central role in deciding local economic priorities and undertaking activities to drive economic growth and create local jobs.  D2N2 is the LEP for Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire.

Local Plan

In this District, this phrase refers to the Core Strategy DPD and the Allocations & Development Management DPD. Taken together, these documents form the plan for the future development of the District. Along with Supplementary Planning Documents (SPDs) and other documents, the Local Plan makes up the Local Development Framework.

Local Planning Authority (LPA)

A public authority with responsibility for carrying out certain planning functions for a particular area. The District Council is the Local Planning Authority (LPA) for Newark & Sherwood, and is an example of a non-metropolitan district council. Other types of LPAs in England include London borough councils, metropolitan borough councils and unitary authority councils.

Localism Act 2011

The Localism Act 2011 was intended to give more power to councils and to local communities. The Duty to Co-operate, the Community Infrastructure Levy and new rights to create Neighbourhood Plans were all introduced by this Act.

National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)

This document sets out the Government’s planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied. The NPPF is a material consideration in the preparation of planning documents and when considering planning applications.

National Planning Policy Guidance (NPPG)

The National Planning Policy Guidance (NPPG) adds further context to the NPPF (See above), together with the NPPF it sets out what the Government expects of local authorities.

Neighbourhood Forum

Neighbourhood forums are community groups that are designated to take forward neighbourhood planning in areas without parishes. It is the role of the local planning authority to agree who should be the neighbourhood forum for the neighbourhood area.

Neighbourhood planning

Neighbourhood planning gives communities direct power to develop a shared vision for their neighbourhood and deliver the sustainable development they need. Once ‘Made’ a Neighbourhood Plan becomes a part of the development plan. The District Council has a duty to assist interested councils and communities in producing their Neighbourhood Plans, and part of this is the requirement to set out which policies are ‘strategic’. This is because Neighbourhood Plans must be prepared in line with a local planning authority’s strategic policies. For the purposes of Neighbourhood Planning it is considered that all policies are Strategic under the teams of the NPPF.      

Neighbourhood plan (or neighbourhood development plan)

A plan prepared by a Parish Council or Neighbourhood Forum for a particular area. It may set out planning policies, describe aims for an area or allocate sites for a particular kind of development.

A neighbourhood plan may focus on a single topic or address a wide range of issues. Any policies must conform to wider local and national policies. The plan cannot affect planning decisions that have already been taken, and it cannot be used to prevent development. Neighbourhood plans will be subject to an independent examination and must gain a more than 50% ‘yes’ vote in a public referendum to come into force.

Other Villages in Newark and Sherwood

Refers to the grouping of villages below the Principal Villages, which are not individually identified in the Settlement Hierarchy. Spatial Policy 3 Rural Areas applies.

Participation

The extent and nature of activities undertaken by those who take part in public or community involvement.

Policies Map

Illustrates the policies and proposals of the Local Development Framework.

Public Consultation and Participation

Refers to consultation and participation with stakeholder groups, including the Local Strategic Partnership, Town and Parish Councils, community groups, the Government and other statutory consultees, alongside a range of consultation events for the general public including a number of roadshows.

Self-Build and Custom Build

The Self-build and Custom Housebuilding Act 2015 requires each relevant local authority to keep a register of individuals and associations of individuals who are seeking to acquire serviced plots of land in the authority’s area in order to build houses for those individuals to occupy as homes.   This guidance accompanies the Self-build and Custom Housebuilding Register Regulations 2016.

Service Centres

Refers to the District's fairly large settlements below the Sub-Regional Centre of Newark in the Settlement Hierarchy. These locations either serve large rural areas or grew to support coal mining communities and possess a wide range of services.

Settlement Hierarchy

Divides the communities of the District into distinct levels to form a hierarchy of settlements that is based on assessments of sustainability. Defines those settlements which are central to the delivery of the Spatial Strategy.

Soundness

To be considered sound, a Development Plan Document (DPD) must be justified and effective. This means that it must be founded on robust and credible evidence and be the most appropriate strategy, and also it must be deliverable, flexible and able to be monitored.

Southern Link Road (SLR)

A road linking the A46 at Farndon and the A1 at Balderton providing access and support to the different phases of residential and industrial development on Land South of Newark, as well as the residential and B1 developments at Land around Fernwood. The road will also alleviate traffic congestion and increase capacity on roads around Newark.

Spatial Planning

Refers to the shift from a narrow and regulatory land use planning regime to a wider and more inclusive spatial planning system embodied by national level policy, the Regional Spatial Strategy and Local Development Framework. Spatial planning is concerned with places, how they function and relate together, with the objective of securing the best achievable quality of life for all in the community without wasting resources or adversely affecting the environment. Policy will be developed that can impact on land use for example by influencing the demands on, or needs for, development, but which is not capable of being delivered solely or mainly through the granting or refusal of planning permission, and which may be implemented by other means.

Spatial Vision

A description of how an area will be changed by the end of a plan period (often 10 – 15 years).

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI)

Sets out the standards which the District Council intends to achieve in relation to involving the community in the preparation, alteration and continuing review of all Local Development Documents and in significant Development Control Decisions, and also how these standards will be achieved.

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)

An assessment of the environmental impacts of the policies and proposals of the LDF. The European ‘SEA Directive’ (2001/42/EC) requires a formal ‘environmental assessment’ of certain plans and programmes, including those

Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA) and Employment Land Forecasting Study (ELFS)

The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) requires local planning authorities (LPAs) to use a proportionate evidence base. Each LPA should ensure that the Local Plan is based on adequate, up to date and relevant evidence about the economic, social and environmental characteristics and prospects of the area.  Local planning authorities should ensure that their assessment of and strategies for housing, employment and other uses are integrated, and that they take full account of relevant market and economic signals.  In accordance with these requirements Housing and Employment Studies have been produced. The Housing Market Needs Assessment sets out the objectively assessed housing need for the District.  The Employment Land Forecasting Study identifies future employment land needs and guides economic development over the plan period.

Sub-Regional Centre

Newark is defined as a Sub-Regional Centre This definition applies to settlements which have been identified for their ability to perform a complementary role to the Principal Urban Areas and have been selected on the basis of their size, the range of services they provide, and their potential to accommodate further growth.

Submission

Once any Development Plan Document has been consulted upon, it must be submitted to the Government so that it can be tested for soundness (see also Soundness of a Development Plan Document). The Submission Development Plan Document is effectively a draft of what the final document will look like.

Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)

A document that provides detailed guidance on the interpretation and implementation of adopted policies, but cannot introduce new policies. SPDs can be material considerations

Sustainable Development (SD)

Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

The NPPF (see National Planning Policy Framework) quotes the UK Sustainable Development Strategy ‘Securing the Future’ setting out five ‘guiding principles’ of sustainable development: living within the planet’s environmental limits; ensuring a strong, healthy and just society; achieving a sustainable economy; promoting good governance; and using sound science responsibly.

The NPPF continues: ‘There are three dimensions to sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. These dimensions give rise to the need for the planning system to perform a number of roles:

● an economic role – contributing to building a strong, responsive and competitive economy, by ensuring that sufficient land of the right type is available in the right places and at the right time to support growth and innovation; and by identifying and coordinating development requirements, including the provision of infrastructure;

● a social role – supporting strong, vibrant and healthy communities, by providing the supply of housing required to meet the needs of present and future generations; and by creating a high quality built environment, with accessible local services that reflect the community’s needs and support its

health, social and cultural well-being; and

● an environmental role – contributing to protecting and enhancing our natural, built and historic environment; and, as part of this, helping to improve biodiversity, use natural resources prudently, minimise waste and pollution, and mitigate and adapt to climate change including moving to a low carbon economy’.

Urban Boundary

A boundary around Newark Urban Area or a Service Centre which defines where, in principle, development may be allowed.

Village Envelope

A boundary around a village (or part of a village), usually quite tightly drawn, within which development might, in principle, be allowed.